Paper produced in Poland became a carrier of information in Polish – The title page of Mikołaj Rej’s 1567 work. The first paper mill in Poland was built near Krakow in 1491, and since 1510 it was owned by Jan Haller, a printer and businessman.
Haller’s merit is the first printing of „Bogurodzica” in 1506 (in the state document Statutes). Haller is also a publisher in 1508 of the first Polish book „The History of the Fatigue of Our Lord Jesus” and the bestseller on a European scale – „Marcin Miechowita treatise on both Pharmacies”.
From simple papermaking to sophisticated display boxes
In 1546 King of Poland Sigismund I the Old issued the first set of papermaking regulations. Already at the beginning of the 17th century, over 40 paper mills operated in Poland. They produced paper from linen rags and vegetable fibres.
The oldest Polish paper mills in Poland were in Toruń, Wrocław, Świdnica, Nysa, Racibórz. Later, another ones were built in the vicinity of Poznań, Vilnius, Lublin, Warsaw and Cracow. The oldest Polish paper mill operating until recently is a paper mill established in 1774 in Jeziorna near Warsaw.
The production of paper in Poland, as a common information carrier, significantly influenced the development of literature and culture in Polish. Before 1562 a paper mill was built in Duszniki, located in Silesia. The Museum of Papermaking has been operating in a historical paper mill since 1968.
Nowadays we use special paper – cardboard – to make heavy-duty display boxes
Contemporary production of paper (non-wood)
The fibre raw material (primary or secondary mass – recycled fibre) is dispersed in equipment called hydropulpers.
Depending on the needs, the fibrous pulp is subjected to cleaning and sorting operations in order to separate heavy (e. g. sand) and light contaminants (pipes, bundles, foils, polystyrene, etc.).
Depending on the assortment, mass additions such as fillers, adhesives and other additives are added to the fibre mass.